Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Essay on the Setting in Shakespeares The Tempest -- Tempest essays

Importance of Setting in The Tempest   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Shakespeare’s enchanted island in The Tempest is a restorative pastoral setting, a place where ‘no man was his own’ and a place that offers endless possibilities to the people that arrive on it’s shores. Although the actual location of the island is not known, the worlds of Seneca aptly describe it’s significance to the play – it represents the ‘bounds of things, the remotest shores of the world’. On the boundary of reality, the island partakes of both the natural and supernatural both the imaginative and the real. It allows the exploration of both man’s potential and his limitations, his capacity for reform through art and his affinity for political and social realities. It is constructing this opposition between art and reality and in giving Shakespeare’s romance the freedom to explore mankind free from the concerns of everyday life that the setting of The Tempest is crucial to it’s overall dramatic design.    The only scene in the play that does not take place on the island is the opening tempest scene. It is in itself an important use of setting. It hints at the fact that the characters social assumptions will capitulate when exposed to adversity – we have the boatswain apparently inappropriately comment none aboard the ship that ‘I love more than myself’. In fact, quite the reverse is true. In the court scene we are presented with the characters Antonio and Sebastian who are interested in political gain despite the predicament in which they find themselves. In this respect the setting functions to present the idea that our social conditioning transcends time and place. The inference is that if political clambering can take place on an enchanted island in the middle of now... ...gic and music.    The contrast between the representative characters and the magic art of the island does not resolve itself, rather, it leaves the audience in what Russ McDonald called a â€Å"marginal condition between expectation and understanding, affirmation and skepticism, comedy and tragedy†. The setting functions to present the worlds of both art and reality in order to affirm the transcendent human desire for power and order, as well as affirm the world of art as a means of dealing with reality.    Bibliography/ Works Cited    Meller, A., Moon, G.T. Literary Shakespeare (1993) Sydney: Canon Publications    Lecture on â€Å"The Tempest† (1988)   C. Holmes    Shakespeare, W. The Tempest. Ed. Sutherland, J.R. (1990)    Mikhail M. Morozor, (1989)â€Å"The Individualization of Shakespeare’s Characters through Imagery†, Shakespeare Survey.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Mass Media and National Identity

Gone are the days when the media used to exercise its power mainly through the radio and the newspapers. During that period, there was always time for free reflection on what it means to be an American. Today, the media merely thrusts its views on the viewer in a very powerful way. People are being exposed to a hugely expanded power of the media through the incessant television programs, movies and the internet.Like an invader who captures the minds of the weak, the American media is now in a position from where it can brainwash people into developing a media customized American identity. One of the more dominant images being circulated right now by American media is that to be American is to agree with the American President. All those who disagree are anti-American.Ever since the war on terrorism was launched during the aftermath of September 11, 2001, political leaders have used the media to seed the hearts and minds of Americans towards a new kind of patriotism. The Bush administ ration has, with the help of the media, widely propagated that this is the time when America needs to come together and support the President. The message is that unity and support for the President is more vital than having a healthy debate. This communication strategy has garnered a great deal of success in the United States as anti-war and anti-Bush policies have become equated with anti-Americanism.National identity of America was earlier derived from powerful figures of colonial America who imparted their daring visions, power, and energetic optimism to the American tradition. Among them are the explorer and colonial founder John Smith; the religious liberty advocate, Quaker, and colonial founder William Penn; the great Puritan intellectual Cotton Mather; and the astonishing 18th-century polymath Benjamin Franklin. Americans of the early 19th century were involved in the great controversy of whether slavery should be abolished or not.They were not afraid to fight wars for their causes and they also ensured that the republic achieved astonishing economic growth. Writers such as Ralph Waldo Emerson and Louisa May Alcott helped in the development of a mature distinctive American literary and philosophical culture. There were great leaders like Franklin Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln who turned America into a great prosperous nation of sustained economic growth and they enabled the republic to stretch from ocean to ocean. America flowered as a land of great diversity with the advent of immigration in the mid-20th century. This was the time America grew to be a global leader and American character was exemplified through distinct American traits found in its great citizens.Some such distinct American traits that became part of American identity were lack of fatalism, energetic approach to problem-solving, faith in economic growth, dedication to education, devotion to religious liberty and belief in equality. There were many individuals who embodied these Americ an traits. Louisa May Alcott was a volunteer nurse in a Civil War hospital, where she contracted typhoid fever and was crippled for life from the mercury used to treat her. But that did not deter her from writing Little Women, a book that was hugely successful. Benjamin Franklin was the epitome of self confidence as he invented the Franklin stove to meet the firewood shortage in Philadelphia.Andrew Carnegie was a great industrialist who finally thought it best to focus on a single industry: the steel industry. Horace Mann was responsible for the creation of the universal compulsory school model. The Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, which Thomas Jefferson drafted in 1786 was the foundation stone for the rise of America as a nation that valued freedom in all aspects of life.   Every American shares a national identity with his fellow citizens and he is proud to known that values such as optimism, self reliance and belief in equality and justice are all part of this great Amer ican identity which has been shaped by a long history of political openness and change, tolerance of conflict, entrepreneurial energy, and cultural mix.The nobility that is enshrined in American national identity is slowing being eroded in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks, the Clinton-Lewinsky scandal, race relations, crime, immigration, health care, euthanasia, gun control, and education and the erosion is more intense due to the focus of the media on such issues. Media expert David Domke feels has studied the government’s post-September 11 communication strategies in the war on terrorism as well as the media response and the impact on U.S. public opinion.After studying media reports and public responses from the period from September 11, 2001, to Bush's address to the nation about Iraq on March 17, 2003, he concluded that â€Å"government officials have consistently emphasized American core values and themes of U.S. strength and unity while simultaneously demonizi ng the enemy† (Whitworth Communications, 2003). His conclusion is supported by a study of media coverage and public-opinion polls. Words such as freedom, individualism, mobility, and pragmatism â€Å"speak to the American spirit.† It is through the use of such words that mass media is shaping the national identity on political issues.There are people such as think-tank researchers, interest-group leaders and academic experts who can offer analysis from a neutral platform. They are not people who are likely to sing chorus to the government’s song. But Domke and his colleagues have found that such intellectual people tend to get less media attention – for the simple reason they are not guaranteed supporters of the government.This finding shows that the media coverage under the blanket of patriotic press coverage, has served to shift the American national identity from one that allows every individual the liberty to have his or her own opinion on political is sues to one that supports the standing of a unified nation behind the President of the United States, no matter what decisions he takes.Apart from this negative shift, there are many positive ways in which mass media is helping to shape the national identity of Americans. Hollywood is one of the most influential media in America and has always played a huge role in creating a sense of national identity and pride. American values such as equality, liberty, love for the nation, freedom of expression, human right are emphasized in many movies.Popular movies such as Pearl Harbor; We Were Soldiers; The Quiet American; Behind Enemy Lines; Black Hawk Down; Kandahar; Collateral Damage; In the Bedroom; Minority Report and Fahrenheit 9/11 explore and help in shaping American identity with respect to morality, family, nation and globalisation.Television programs such as Apprentice and American Idol showcase the potential America offers to people with values, talent, skill and willingness to wo rk. They add a sense of pride and positive attitude to the national identity. Sports such as baseball and basketball as shown in the movies and television programs have become American symbols of competitiveness and professionalism.However, television advertisements seem to focus more on hawking a happier home and love-life, improved eating and drinking and appearance, better health, taste and smell, a more comfortable car, etc., etc. thereby polluting the national identity with a craving for materialism and self centeredness.Through the mass media, Mickey Mouse, Babe Ruth, screwball comedy, G.I. Joe, the blues, â€Å"The Simpsons,† Michael Jackson, the Dallas Cowboys, Gone With the Wind, the Dream Team, Indiana Jones, Catch-22 – these names, genres, and phrases from American sports and entertainment have become a powerful tools in sculpting the American identity. Through mass media, music has also played a huge role in shaping American identity. The first major compos er of popular music with a uniquely American style was Stephen Foster (1826-1864). Soon the music that was representative of America combined elements of European musical tradition with African-American rhythms and themes.Some of Foster's best songs are: â€Å"Oh! Susanna,† â€Å"Camptown Races,† â€Å"Ring the Banjo,† â€Å"Old Folks at Home†. Today, the inclusion of African music such as Reggai and rap, Latino rhythms, and the domination of global artists has made American music much more representative of its expanding scope of national identity. However, rock music remains the prevalent pop music of America because it is one genre that can assimilate almost any other kind of music, along with new varieties of outlandish showmanship, into its strong rhythmical framework – much as America assimilates different cultures and different races into its constitutional framework and national identity.Rangers in the Sequoia National Park report that the huge sequoia monarch trees in the forests, however huge and seemingly strong, one day simply tilt over and crash to the ground because of their weak roots (Sites, 2007). So also the American national identity built through mass media can crash if care is not taken to nourish the roots of that identity. Mass media should focus on the unique American history and resplendent traditions instead of favoring an almost total obsession with the clamorous present and the dubious lures of the unpredictable future.Bibliography:Whitworth Communications (2003). Political Communication Scholar to Present Whitworth Lecture on Challenges to Civil Discourse of ‘Post-9/11 Patriotism'. http://www.whitworth.edu/News/2002_2003/Spring/GreatDecisionsDomke.htmSites N. James. Inger: A Modern-Day Viking Discovers America. Published by Scan-Am Communications. Ashland. http://www.identityindependence.com/ingersites.html

Saturday, January 4, 2020

The Range of Barriers to Effective Interpersonal...

The Range of Barriers to Effective Interpersonal Communications These will look at cultural, personal and environmental issues. The role of available support services that are accessible to individuals, with the restrictions on available services will be evaluated. The effectiveness with which the skills of communication are given and received will also be evaluated. There are many barriers to communications between a vast range of people and cultures. Barriers to communications, because of cultural differences, can arise because of the lack of understanding between each culture, this could cause a†¦show more content†¦The way in which it is received can be a positive step towards knowledge and independence. Environmentally there could be a fear of areas in certain cities, which hold a possibility of threat. This could be towards any age person not just elderly people. This could be because of high numbers of thefts from cars, reported physical attacks, and other crimes. These things deposit bad thoughts and negative feelings towards those areas. There could be a lack of public transport for all individuals to access, this lack could be increased if you are disabled and are restricted to a chair. If you have little or no support you would find public transport unavailable for use. Other barriers will then appear like being cut off from normal things able bodied people take for granted such as access to the shops, social events and so on. These factors can then develop other stress symptoms such as mental health symptoms, depression and can exacerbate lack of self-esteem, confidence and personal skills can lead to the development of barriers to communication that can grow into bitte rness and resentment.Show MoreRelatedhealth science937 Words   |  4 Pagesrequire good communication skills in order to carry out their roles effectively. It is therefore important for those embarking on a career in health and social care that they gain knowledge and understanding of skills involved in communication. This unit will develop and enhance communication and interpersonal skills, and will consider communication theories. On completion of this unit a learner should: Understand effective communication and interpersonal interactionRead MoreUnderstanding The Principles Of Effective Communications1294 Words   |  6 PagesUnderstand the principles of effective communications. Reece Lamb-Durkin â€Æ' Contents Interpersonal skills 2 Verbal conversations 2 Lip reading 2 Signing 2 Cues in verbal exchanges 2 Body language 2 Intonation 3 Nodding 3 Paraphrasing and summarising 3 Barriers to effective communication 3 Language 3 Distractions 3 Noise 4 â€Æ' Interpersonal skills Interpersonal skills are what we use every day to communicate and interact with people. Those who have strong interpersonal skills are usually the onesRead MoreCommunication Barriers That Can Hinder The Smooth Flow Of Communication Essay1398 Words   |  6 PagesCommunication is one of the most powerful and effective ways of expressing one’s thoughts and emotions. Success for a student depends largely to the extent of their ability to communicate effectively. There are many factors responsible for a breakdown in communication, known as barriers to communication. This paper will begin by discussing the intrapersonal barriers that can impede on a student’s ability to communicate effectively. It will then examine intercultural language barriers and how theyRead MoreUnit: 1 P1,P2 M11498 Words   |  6 PagesP1- Explaining the role of effective communication and interpersonal interaction in a health and social care context. Effective communication is way in which people communicate towards each other. There are wide ranges of ways that communication can take place for example one to one conversations, group conversations. This can either be informal or formal depending on the individual’s outcome. An example of effective communication that can take place in a health and social care setting is a hospitalRead MoreThe Importance Of Effective Communication For Different Social Groups And Use Specific Interpersonal Strategy1329 Words   |  6 PagesThe definition of communication necessarily involves â€Å"an exchange of ideas and an ability to stimulate meaning for the recipient of the message†(Grover, 2005). Effective communication can be influenced by varies components such as gender, hierarchy, trust, self-disclosure, empathy, mutuality and context. This paper will discuss the importance for nurses to use effective communication skills in regards to different social groups and use specific interpersonal strategy. Additionally it identifies howRead MoreWhy Working Partnership With Others Is Important For Children And Young People1351 Words   |  6 Pagesselfishness, creating leadership skills and teamwork †¢ Improved outcomes for children and families through access to a wider range of services †¢ Benefits for staff and services, such as less replication between different service providers †¢ Increased efficiency in the delivery of services through better links between different providers †¢ To make work more effective †¢ To meet children’s individual needs Identify who relevant partners would be in own work setting. †¢ Social services Read MoreEffective Communication As A Health Care Professional1313 Words   |  6 PagesCommunication is about more than just exchanging information. It s about understanding the emotion and intentions behind the information. Effective communication is how you convey a message so that it is received and understood by someone in exactly the way you intended (L. Robinson, J. Segal, Ph. D., M. Smith. 2015). This paper looks at the requirements of effective communication as a health care professional and the essential concepts to have as a registered nurse. Effective communication assistsRead MoreOutline of Week Five993 Words   |  4 PagesOutline of Week Five Cynthia O’Brien COM200 Interpersonal Communication (ACM1546D) Instructor: Reginald Doctor December 7. 2015 Congratulations Allan and Jennifer this letter is to help you learn essential communication skills. With education and learning interpersonal communication skills, I hope to pay it forward so you and Jennifer will not end up in the statistics of a failed marriage. As you may know, educators are focusing on communication skills personal and professional. This letterRead MoreImportance of Interpersonal communications in Information Technology Career907 Words   |  4 PagesInterpersonal communications can be a very important part of a person’s professional success. Information Technology is an industry that relies on certain areas of communication. Wendy, the person I interviewed, emphasized the importance that people in her industry must be up to date (educated) on the constant changes. Communication, gaining communication and interpersonal skills is again such an easier said than done skill for any profession. Communication is such an essential skill it couldRead MoreCommunication : Effective Interpersonal Communication1223 Words   |  5 PagesInterpersonal communications The work of the health care professional is improved by effective interpersonal communication. Through this 800 word essay I aim to evaluate, explain and analyse effective interpersonal communication in the health care profession, how it can be improved and the positives of communication on a personal level. Communication is used as a way of interaction, passing information or even influencing other s thoughts and feelings into communication and prompting feeding back

Friday, December 27, 2019

Analysis Of Leon Kasss The Wisdom Of Repugnance - 811 Words

In Leon Kass’s â€Å"The Wisdom of Repugnance† critical article he addresses the dangers of cloning and why we should not pursue the idea of it. Kass starts out by stating that Joshua Lederberg, one of the major contributors to the idea of cloning, has an amoral view to â€Å"this morally weighty subject†( Kass 17). We have been softened up on the idea of cloning because of how cloning has made its way into our daily lives; although it may be subtle, it can easily slip into our minds and soften us up to see cloning is moral when it is amoral. We have taken cloning so far that it is even integrated into our families by our embryos; people will be able to change the identity of their children, leading us to re-create ourselves. Which is immoral†¦show more content†¦Frankenstein had the idea that creating these creatures was not just an advancement in his knowledge but an advancement to nature around us, because of this everyone should â€Å"owe [our] be ing[s] to [him]†(55). With Frankenstein’s technological point of view, he fails to see the horror he is about to animate. Before the monster had been brought to life Frankenstein had suppressed his repugnance for his monster. Frankenstein ignores his repugnance all the way til â€Å"the dull yellow eye of the creature open[s]† and â€Å"breathless horror and disgust filled [his] heart†(58). Frankenstein finally regains his repugnance after months of ignoring it, but in order to see his repugnance, he had to create a monster of â€Å"breathless horror and disgust†(58). Frankenstein is the fictional example of his warnings of the repugnance of cloning come to life. After Frankenstein’s first creation which had taken a turn from glory, to fear and disgust to which he finally learns his lesson. Frankenstein’s monster tracks Victor down to ask him to â€Å"create a female for [him]† due to all the loneliness and suffering the monster had to endure. At first, Frankenstein shuts down the monster because he did not want another creature roaming the Earth and causing chaos. After much persuasion Frankenstein agrees to create a second monster but this time he creates it fully aware of hisShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Leon Kasss The Wisdom Of Repugnance707 Words   |  3 Pagesplace a pivotal exemplary for decision making in today’s society. However, Leon Kass, an American physician, scientist, and educator, takes the stance combating the ideology of rational decision making in his article, entitled, â€Å"The Wisdom of Repugnance. by upholding his argument that Repugnance holds validity when making effective decisions of pol icy and lawmaking. In dissent, Although Kass makes the argument that Repugnance is an applicable model to construct social mores and laws I strongly believe

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Turning Points in the Civil War - 1863 Words

Analytical Assignment Turning points that occur during a conflict such as a civil war may be found in men, as well as forces of events. Turning points are the moments or acts which are thought to have had profound effects which are necessary to drive the war along the course which it took. During the American Civil War in the 1860’s there can be a widespread debate over which actual event was the turning point in the war that led to a Union victory. Most analysts refer to July 4th, 1864 when the Confederacy retreated from Gettysburg, Pennsylvania and Vicksburg, Mississippi surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant and the Union as the turning point for the North in the civil war. Historian James McPherson goes examines these events in great†¦show more content†¦McPherson’s account that the Confederates were unable to fight is not supported by his claims that the two groups of the Confederate soldiers continued waging war on two fronts even with the limited supplies o ccasioned by the cutting of the Texas supply corridor and the passage from Arkansas (McPherson, 2009). How could soldiers who were reeling from deprivation of all food supplies still engage in warfare? The siege claimed at Vicksburg is indefensible and seems fictional if interrogated in the light of their engagement in the subsequent battle at Chattanooga. McPherson argues that thought the Confederate forces were now under the unfaltering General Bragg Braxton, they scampered for safety when faced with a strong Union army from the north at Chattanooga. He avers that the defeated Confederates opened a wide corridor for General William Sherman-led Union forces to march through the Confederate region without facing any military resistance from the Confederates. James Rawley largely agrees that the Gettysburg and Vicksburg battles were as much as a turning point in the war as the Battle at Antietam. Rawley truly appreciates that the South was a potent an army as the Union forces and were as close to victory as possible just before July of 1863. Compared to McPherson, James takes a more balanced view of the war, drawing his many conclusions from past written accounts of the events of the war. In theShow MoreRelatedThe Civil War : A Turning Point1086 Words   |  5 Pages101 Edward Hagerty 4/23/16 The Civil War is known as a turning point in America, the road to ending slavery, while first turning a nation against each other. The Civil War was a turning point in America that started with different views of what was right and wrong between the North and South. While those in the Northern states fought to end slavery, the Southern states fought to protect its beliefs and foundation. The Civil War was fought from 1861-1865.(Masur,L 2011) One of itsRead MoreTurning Point Of History : The Civil War1737 Words   |  7 PagesJonathan Iraheta Mr. Kaiser HIS 132 10 March 2017 Turning point in History The civil war was a turning point in history due to the changes that happened in slavery, military innovations and how it brought the North and South together. In this paper I will be arguing how the civil war is a major turning point in history and how it affected the United States. The civil war really determined what kind of nation the U.S. would be and whether or not it would continue to exist as the world’s largest slaveholdingRead MoreWas Korea a Turning Point in the Civil War?716 Words   |  3 PagesWas the Korean War a turning point in the Civil War? The Korean War was thus a turning point in the development of the Cold War in that it marked a shift in the focal point in the development of tensions, from Europe to East Asia, with many indirect conflicts being largely confined to Europe. The Korean War was the first time that communism and capitalism were to fight against each other. It was hence a turning point in the development of the Cold War — instead of tensions developing between theRead MoreThe Battle Of Gettysburg As A Turning Point Of Civil War1048 Words   |  5 Pagesconsidered a turning point of Civil War and what are the economics impacts of the event during the time? I. Introduction This purpose of this paper is to show why the Battle of Gettysburg was considered a turning point in Civil War and what are the economics influences of the outcome during the time of the event. The influences on both North and South’s markets are studied and will be shown whether any changes were made during the turning point. II. Body 1. Why considered a turning point The main questionRead MoreThe Battle of Gettysburg: The Turning Point of the Civil War861 Words   |  4 PagesThe Battle of Gettysburg the Turning Point of the Civil War Was the Battle of Gettysburg a sufficient enough victory to actually turn the tide of the Civil War? Was three days of fighting enough to make that much of an impact on a war that lasted two more years after this famous battle? Well that is what I will be discussing in this paper. I will be going over each day of the battle and how they ultimately led to a Union victory and a turning point in the Civil War. Day one, July 1, 1863, was theRead More The Battle of Gettysburg as the Turning Point of the Civil War1603 Words   |  7 Pages  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Gettysburg was the turning point of the American Civil War. This is the most famous and important Civil War Battle that occurred over three hot summer days, July 3, 1863, around the small market town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. More importantly Gettysburg was the clash between the two major American Cultures of their time: the North and the South. The causes of the Civil War, and the Battle of Gettysburg, one must understand the differences between these two cultures. The Confederacy had anRead MoreThe Battle of Gettysburg: Turning Point of the Civil War Essay2668 Words   |  11 PagesIntroduction Americans had been engaged in a Civil War which had been begun in April of 1861 with shots fired on a fort in South Carolina. In the summer of 1863 in a small town called Gettysburg, there would be a fierce battle fought between the Union Army of the Potomac led by General George G. Meade and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia led by General Robert E. Lee. The events of the battle would overcome the losses suffered by the Union and put the Confederacy on the run. â€Å"Over 165Read MoreThe American Civil War : The Most Significant Turning Point?3462 Words   |  14 PagesIn considering the development of the USA in the years 1815-1917, how far can the union victory in the civil war be seen as the most significant turning point? The Union Victory in the American civil war is widely considered to be a turning point and could be seen as the catalyst in American History. Led by Abraham Lincoln, some may say it was the start of a new era. Time had gone by since the America gained its independence. The emancipation of slavery happened because of the Unions victory butRead MoreThe Battle Of Gettysburg Was The Turning Point Of The American Civil War837 Words   |  4 PagesThe Battle of Gettysburg was the turning point of the American Civil war. General Robert E. Lee was the commanding officer of the Confederate army. During the battle of Gettysburg Lee’s military strategy was to fight offensive. Lee’s goal during the battle was to seize the high ground and out last the union army. The Union army had outnumbered the Confederate soldiers. General Lee’s first hand man was General James Longstreet. Longstreet believes the new technology in warfare would make attackingRead MoreLetter Of A Civil Wa r Nurse2005 Words   |  9 Pages Document Analysis: Letters of a Civil War Nurse Sabrina Jehanzeb Hist 1301.003 Professor: Dr. Hudson Word Count: 1843 In â€Å"Letters of a Civil War Nurse†, written in 1863, Cornelia Hancock’s account of the Civil War gives readers an account of the suffering and hardship of soldiers through the point of view of an Union nurse. This document written by Cornelia Hancock is an account as a nurse who went through the Battle of Gettysburg and the after effects. Through a series of

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Make a case for whether maternity or paternity is more important in The House of the Spirits Essay Example For Students

Make a case for whether maternity or paternity is more important in The House of the Spirits Essay The House of Spirits written by Isabelle Isabel Allende, portrays the life of the Trueba family, through four generations. The story is told from the protagonists perspectives of Esteban and Alba. Throughout her novel, Isabel Allende shows the presence of maternity and paternity. By definition, maternity is the quality of having or showing the tenderness and warmth and affection of or befitting a mother. Paternity is the kinship relation between an offspring and the father. Though, both paternity and maternity was portrayed throughout the novel, maternity was seen as more significant than paternity. The maternal role is more heavily emphasized through the roles of Blanca, Clara and Nicolas girlfriend Amanda. In the novel Isabel Allende writes, Their duty is motherhood and home (Isabel Allende 67). The only responsibilities of the women are to nurture the children and take care of the house. It is also seen throughout the novel that the women care for the children and have a closer re lationship with them while the men work and take care of business. The mother and daughter relationship is stronger in the novel than the relationship between father and son. As Isabel Allende also emphasizes gender roles, she contributes to this motif of gender roles through the mother- daughter and father-son relationships in the novel. Although in the very beginning Nivea Del Valles motherly role is not emphasized as heavily as all the other maternity roles in the story, Nivea does still show the maternal side of her character. Clara enters motherhood when marrying Esteban Trueba. Although Ferula and later on Nana take care of Claras daughter Blanca, Clara is still able to maintain a healthy relationship with her daughter despite her distant relationship with her sons. Clara and Blanca share quality time together in the novel, however it is most seen when their family begins to break apart, in other words when Clara and Blanca decide to leave Tres Marias after Estebans rage lashes out on the both of them. They maintain a good relationship although their family really seems to be taking a huge downfall. When Esteban strikes her, she does not only run aw ay, she takes Blanca with her, in fear for her safety as well. Isabel Allende indicates nothing to suggest that Blanca objected to being removed from her father, showing her bond to her mother and distance from her father. Esteban does not have the best relationship with Nicolas Jaime. This is also true for Clara. Nicolas and Jaime appear to be much more independent. Esteban is not the character that heavily emphasizes his role as a father. He heavily emphasizes his role as a dictator, being the only person in charge, not just of Tres Marias but of everything. Therefore the father-son aspect of the novel is not depicted as being more important than mothers and daughters. The mother daughter relationship is again emphasized through Blanca and Albas relationship. Although Blanca is now interested more in her renewed relationship with Pedro Tercero, she does not manage to forget her role as a mother. When Blanca and Alba educate children, Blanca gave classes to teaching these children on Thursday afternoons. Alba participated in teaching these children as well. Similar to Clara and Blancas relationship, Alba and Blanca have that much needed quality time for mothers and daughters. The quote states They were delivered by a truck and escorted to two nuns in starched white coifs, who sat in the garden drinking hot chocolate with Clara and discuss the virtues of cross stitching and the hierarchy of sin, while Blanca and her daughter taught the children how to fashion worms, balls, squashed dogs, and misshapen vases. Blanca and Alba quickly understood that the children worked much better when they felt loved, and that the only way to communicate with them was through affection (Allende 280). This demonstrates some parts of Blanca and Claras motherly qualities, showing how they do not abandon their children but instead spend quality time with each other doing things to help other people and doing things that they like. .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d , .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d .postImageUrl , .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d , .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d:hover , .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d:visited , .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d:active { border:0!important; } .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d:active , .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u9089e7c6c02de53e4863262c2d5c391d:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: DIvx EssayMaternal strength is demonstrated best when compared alongside the lack of strength in paternal relationships. For instance, Esteban had fathered many children in Tres Marias. However, he claimed none of them as his own and made next to no efforts in taking care of them. Isabel Allende writes, Whenever a woman showed up at his door with a newborn baby in her arms asking for assistance, he would send her on her way with a few banknotes (Allende 68). Esteban is characterized as selfish here, refusing to accept responsibilities for his actions. He takes only his interests into consideration. Esteban Trueba lacks any type of relationship with Nicolas, Jaime, Blanca and all the other illigetimate children he fathered. Allende writes, Clara, on the other hand, was delighted with her daughter. She seemed to have wakened from a protracted stupor and discovered the joy of being alive. She took the child in her arms and would not let go (Allende 101). Through this quote, Allende suggest that Claras happiness came from her daughter moments after her birth. Blanca awoke Clara and became the marvelous creation that her mother could not bear to part with. Esteban, on the other hand, was repelled by Blancas appearance when Dr. Cuevas delivered her. Allende writes, Esteban jumped when he saw her, convinced that destiny was playing a cruel joke on him and that instead of the legitimate Trueba he had promised his mother on her deathbed, he had sired a monster, and a female one to boot (Allende 101). Through this quote, Allende reveals how Esteban was turned off by his daughter and how he became disgusted with her as soon as she came into this world. Clara displayed loved and affection while Esteban showed his displeasure for his own flesh and blood. Through the different relationships shown in The House of Spirits, such as Clara and Blanca, Esteban and Clara, and Alba and Blanca, it can said that maternity is more important than paternity. Because of Estebans selfish personality, his relationships with others have many obstacles to whereas Clara is described as very caring and takes every relationship as if its a fragile glass and handles it with care.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Production and Operation Management free essay sample

State the important considerations for locating an automobile plant. Following are the important considerations for locating a Automobile plant (1) Market. (2) Transportation. (3) Electricity. (4) Communitys liking for having a plant in their locality. (5) Taxation. (6) Labour availability. (7) Water supply. (8) Transperency and ease of land accusition. (9) Availability of raw materials. (10) cheap land (11) train station (12) local distriboutors (13) waste disposal system (river etc) (14) Government Policy, SEZ, etc.Q2. Explain essentials of Project Management Philosophy All projects share one common characteristic – the projection of ideas and activities into new endeavours. The ever-present element of risk and uncertainty means that the events and tasks leading to completion can never be accurately foretold. Examples abound of projects that have exceeded their costs by enormous amounts, finishing late or even being abandoned before completion. Such failures are far too com mon and are seen in all kinds of projects in industry, commerce and the public sector. The purpose of project management is to predict as many of the dangers and problems as possible and to plan, organize and control activities so that projects are completed successfully in spite of all the risks. We will write a custom essay sample on Production and Operation Management or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This process should start before any resource is committed and must continue until all work is finished. The primary aim of the project manager is for the result to satisfy the project sponsor or purchaser and all the other principal stakeholders within the promised timescale and without using more money and other resources than those that were originally set aside or budgeted. For any technical assistance program to be successful, it is important to have professional management systems in place. We are guided by a set of principles for the design and implementation of technical assistance projects in developing countries. These emphasize: Dialogue and Cooperation: We emphasize a consultative, inclusive approach to project implementation. The involvement of counterparts in the design and implementation is essential to ensure that change management programs are effective and supported. Ownership and Empowerment: It is important to emphasize the development of local talent. We are keen on empowering staff based on solid risk management approaches and motivational strategies. We enjoy coaching project staff and interns in field offices on all aspects of project management, including human resources, turn around and change management, donor relations, internal financial control and work planning. Integrity and Accountability: Especially in difficult environments such as Afghanistan and many other developing countries, it is important to adhere to the highest standards of professionalism, integrity, client concern and service. Internal Financial and Risk Controls: Strong internal risk management systems, such as those based on the COSO, AS/NZS 460:2004 and ISO 30001 are critically important to the implementation of programs, especially larger programs. Quality and Innovation: We try to utilize the latest technology in support of project implementation. Content Management Systems such as joomla and Drupal are examples of how free opensource software that can be used to manage projects document repository and to provide information on the programs to counterparts in different languages. However a good project management methodology provides a framework, process, guidelinesand techniques to greatly increase the chances of being successful, and therefore providesvalue to the project. ? Define the project ? Reduce it to a set of manageable tasks ? Obtain appropriate and necessary resources ? Build a team or teams to perform the project work ? Plan the work and allocate the resources to the tasks ? Monitor and control the work ? Report progress to senior management and/or the project sponsor ? Close down the project when completed Review it to ensure that the lessons are learnt and widely understood Q3. Several different strategies have been employed to assist in aggregate planning. Explain these in brief? Aggregate planning is an operational activity that does an aggregate plan for the production process, in advance of 2 to 18 months, to give an idea to management as to what quantity of materials and other resources are to be procured and when, so that the total cost of operations of the organization is kept to the minimum over that period.. The quantity of outsourcing, subcontracting of items, overtime of labour, numbers to be hired and fired in each period and the amount of inventory to be held in stock and to be backlogged for each period are decided. All of these activities are done within the framework of the company ethics, policies, and long term commitment to the society, community and the country of operation. Aggregate planning has certain prerequired inputs which are inevitable. They include: Information about the resources and the facilities available. Demand forecast for the period for which the planning has to be done. Cost of various alternatives and resources. This includes cost of holding inventory, ordering cost, cost of production through various production alternatives like subcontracting, backordering and overtime. Organizational policies regarding the usage of above alternatives. Aggregate Planning is concerned with matching supply and demand of output over the medium time range, up to approximately 12 months into the future. The term aggregate implies that the planning is done for a single overall measure of output or, at the most, a few aggregated product categories. The aim of aggregate planning is to set overall output levels in the near to medium future in the face of fluctuating or uncertain demands. Aggregate planning might seek to influence demand as well as supply. The aggregate production plan is midway between short-range planning and long-range planning. Aggregate planning includes the following factors: 1. Work force size and composition 2. Demand forecasts and orders 3. Raw material planning 4. Plant capacity management 5. Utilizing outside subcontractors 6. Inventory management 1. Pure Strategies:- There are three focused or pure strategies are†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ ? Vary production to match demand by changes inemployment. ? Produce at a constant rate and use inventories. ? Produce with stable workforce but vary the utilization rate. 2. Chase demand Strategy In this strategy the production output is increased or decreasedaccording the demand. This is possible if workers are added or removed to vary the input capacity. It also means that if thesystem is dominantly automated then it will be either under or over-utilised as the as the situation demands. 3. Level production Strategy :- In this case, the production output is held constant irrespective of the changes in demand from period to period. Usually, theaverage demand is taken as the constant output. When thedemand exceeds the average output, in some months there isshortage and when the output is above the average there issurplus and build-up of inventory. However, wherever possibleexcess output can be used to accumulate inventory and thatinventory is maintained. 4. Stable work-force Strategy :- in this strategy the work force ismaintained at the same level on regular time. Production output isvaried either by overtime or by building up inventory. However, if the demand falls then the production output is decreased andsome workers may become idle. 5. Mixed Strategies:- in mixed strategies, the aggregate planner has a wide variety of choices by mixing to or more strategy. Thenumber of mixed strategies in alternative production plans isalmost limitless. However, based on the realities of the situations,the number of practical solutions is limited. 6. Mathematical Planning Models :- Mathematical models attempt to refine or improve upon the trail-and-error approaches. However, the solution generated may notbe feasible and need to be refined. A popular technique is theapplication of transportation algorithm which is a special case of the linear-programming model. It views the aggregate planningproblem as the linear-programming model. Q4. Illustrate the different methods by which quality is sought to be achieved using various tools and techniques Quality control techniques are specific and procedures adoptedusing data, foe determining a particular aspect of quality to arrive at decisions which are conclusive. Each technique developed andtested by senior personnel or consultants will be simple enough tobe understood , implemented and interpreted by the personnel for their immediate use. Some of the quality control technique are :1. Quality at the source. 2. Quality control tools . 3. Acceptance sampling Quality at the source The concept of quality makes the production worker responsiblefor inspecting his /her own work and for taking corrective actions since inspection is done immediately after a job is done , findingthe cause of the error with clarity aids in faster rectification. Every worker has the authority to stop production, if he /she findsome serious defect . This puts responsibility for quality on theworkers and gives them pride their work . Help should always beavailable from the quality control personnel to help workersunderstand the implications of the above actions. This bringscooperation and improves the achievement. The information generated may be used to effect improvements at the suppliers’ end also. The entire process brings in openness, commitment,participation and helps in achieving quality. ? Quality control tools The most popular and widely used tools are called as 7 QC tools. These includes the following Flow chart ? Check sheet ? Histogram ? Pareto analysis ? Scatter diagram ? Control chart ? Cause and effect diagram 1. Flow Chart ;- flow chart is a visual representation of a processshowing the various steps. It helps in locating the points at whicha problem exists or an improvement is possible. Detailed data canbe collected, analysed, and methods for correction can bedeveloped using flow charts. The various steps includes ? Listing out the various steps or activities in particular job. ? Classifying them as a procedure or a decision. 2. Check sheet :- are used to record the number defects, types of defects, locations at which they are occurring , times at whichthey are occurring, and workmen by whom they are occurring . The sheet keeps a record of the frequencies of occurrence withreference to possible defect causing parameters. It helps toimplement a corrective procedure at the point where thefrequencies are more. 3. Histogram :- are graphically representations of distribution of Data. They are generally used to record huge volumes of dataabout a process. They reveal whether the pattern of distributionhas single peak, or many peaks and also the extent of variationaround the peak value. This helps in identifying whether theproblem is serious. The various types of visual patterns have been established along with relevant interpretations whichhelps us to identify the problem. 4. Pareto Analysis :- is a tool for classifying problem areasaccording to the degree of importance and attending to themost importance and attending to the most important ones. Pareto principles , v erbally stated as â€Å"vital few; trivial many† is also called 80-20 rule because is to observe that 80% of theproblem that we encounter arise out of 20% of items. Q5. Explain the basic competitive priorities considered while formulating operations strategy by a firm? After collectively considering the products and services demanded by customers, strengths and weaknesses of competitors, the environment, and the firm’s own strengths, weaknesses, cultures, and resources, proficient firms can formulate their vision as expressed through the mission statement. This statement expresses the organization’s values and aspirations; basically its reason or purpose for existence. Based on this mission statement the firm will formulate its business strategy. This business strategy is a long-term plan for accomplishing the mission set forth in the mission statement. Each function within the business can then derive its own strategy in support of the firm’s overall business strategy (financial strategy, marketing strategy, and operations strategy). Operations strategy is the collective concrete actions chosen, mandated, or stimulated by corporate strategy. It is, of course, implemented within the operations function. This operations strategy binds the various operations decisions and actions into a cohesive consistent response to competitive forces by linking firm policies, programs, systems, and actions into a systematic response to the competitive priorities chosen and communicated by the corporate or business strategy. In simpler terms, the operations strategy specifies how the firm will employ its operations capabilities to support the business strategy. Operations strategy has a long-term concern for how to best determine and develop the firm’s major operations resources so that there is a high degree of compatibility between these resources and the business strategy. Very broad questions are addressed regarding how major resources should be configured in order to achieve the firm’s corporate objectives. Q6. Explain briefly the four classification of scheduling strategies?